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新东方赵丽老师考研词汇总结

1998 Passage 1

重点词汇:

imagination / / (想象;想象力)←imagin(e)想象+tion名词后缀。

Imagination is more important than knowledge.想象力比知识更重要。imagination — ①the highest kite one can fly ②a poor substitute for experience 想象——①一个人能放得最高的风筝 ②经验的劣质替代品。

symbol / / (符号;象征)即sym+bol,sym-共同,bol看作ball,“共同喜欢球类

运动”→这是现代人的“象征”。Light is the symbol of truth.光是真理的象征。

cement / / (v.胶合;巩固n.水泥;胶接剂)。A sweet and innocent compliance is the

cement of love.温柔天真的依从是爱情的粘合剂。

deprive / / (v.剥夺)即de+priv+e,de-(=away),priv词根“个人的”(如private

→priv+ate→私人的),“使某物离开个人”→剥夺。Poverty often deprives a man of all spirit and virtue; it is hard for an empty bag to stand upright.贫穷常使人丧失全部精神与美德,空袋子是难以直立的。

persist / / (v.坚持,持续)即per+sist,per-“完全”,sist词根“站立”,于

是“自始至终都站着”→坚持。参consistently(始终如一地),1999年Passage 5。To persist in efforts without losing the aim will finally result in success.不失目标地坚持努力终将导致成功。

complex / / (复杂的;综合的;联合体)即com+plex,com-“一起”,plex

词根“重叠”,“重叠在一起的”→复杂的。参perplex(使困惑,使复杂化)←per完全+plex,2003年Text 2。Everything is simpler than you think and at the same time more complex than you imagine.凡事都比你思考的简单,同时比你想象的复杂。

go-ahead n.批准,允许。

wrong-headed 执迷不悟的。

environmental (周围的,环境的)←environment环

境+al形容词后缀。What is the thing called health? Simply a state in which the individual happens transiently to be perfectly adapted to his environment. Obviously, such states cannot be common, for the environment is in constant flux.称为健康的东西是什么?不过是一种状态,处于这种状态的人刚好一时对环境完全适应。这种状态显然不可能常见,因为环境是在不断改变的。environment — everything that isn't me 环境——除我以外的一切。

proper (适当的;合乎体统的;固有的)。Proper words in proper places make

the true definition of style.风度的准确定义就是在适当的场合说适当的话。A fool, indeed, has great need of a title; it teaches men to call him count or duke, and thus forget his proper name of fool.傻瓜的确非常需要头衔,那使人们称他为伯爵或公爵,从而忘掉他固有的名字——傻瓜。

resolve (v.n.决心;解决;决议)←re+solve解决。同根词:dissolve(v.

溶解;解散)←dis+solve。The reason why a great man is great is that he resolves to be a great man.伟人之所以伟大,是因为他立志要成为伟人。

conflict (v.n.冲突)即con+flict,con-一起,flict词根“打”,“打在

一起”→冲突。A marriage without conflicts is almost as inconceivable as a nation without crisis.没有冲突的婚姻几乎与没有危机的国家一样难以想象。

hydroelectric / (水电的)即hydro+electric,hydro词根“水

的”,electric单词“电的”。另记:hydrogen(氢)←hydro+gen,这是化学家创造的英文单词,因为氢气燃烧的唯一产物是水,-gen后缀意为“致 的物质”。

irrigation (灌溉;水利)与irritation(激怒;刺激物)一字母

之差,联想记忆:“溉”的声母为g,故灌溉为irriGation,而irriTAtion为激怒“他”。

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