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2018英语四级翻译和解析

英语四级翻译:维吾尔族

维吾尔族(Uygur)是中国的一个少数民族。维吾尔族人喜欢喝奶茶,吃肉和用面粉烤制的馕(nang)。他们有自己的语言和文字。他们的文学具有一种独特的民族风格,其中“阿凡提的故事”(the Story of Afanti) 中国各族人民的喜爱。维吾尔族是个能歌善舞的民族,每逢节日和婚礼,他们都会邀请客人和他们一起跳传统民间舞蹈。他们的民歌优美动听,被广泛传唱。

参考译文:

The Uygur is a Chinese ethnic minority.Uygur people like to drink milk tea, eat meat and nang baked with flour.They have their own spoken and written languages.Uygur literature is of a unique ethnic style, among which the Story of Afanti is favored by all ethnic groups in China.The Uygur people are good at singing and dancing.They will invite guests to join them in their traditional folk dance in festivals and wedding ceremonies.Their folk songs sound beautiful and are widely sung.

解析:

1.第2句中的定语“用面粉烤制的”较长,可将其处理成后置定语,用分词短语baked with flour来表达,表被动。

2.在第3句中,“语言”侧重指口头的,而“文字”则侧重指书面的,故该句可译为They have their own spoken and written languages。该句也可对应地译为They have their own languages and characters。

3.在第4句中,“具有……风格”可用be of... style来表达;“其中……”可用among which引导的定语从句来表达,将前后两个分句连接起来,使分句间的语义关系更加紧密。

4.倒数第2句较长,后两个分句“每逢……”和“他们都会……”之间语义联系紧密,可合译为一个句子,第1个分句则单独另成一句。在“维吾尔族是个能歌善舞的民族”中,“能歌善舞”的施动者是“人”,而非“民族”,故需译为The Uygur people are good at...。“每逢......”作状语,可译为in festivals and wedding ceremonies,置于句末。

英语四级翻译:茶马古道

茶马古道(Tea-horse Ancient Road)两边,生活着20多个少数民族。不同的地方有着各自美丽而神奇的自然风景和传统文化,比如:大理,丽江古城,香格里拉(Shangrila),雅鲁藏布江大峡谷和布达拉宫(Potala Palace)。古道的两旁有庙宇、岩石壁画、骚站(post ?house),古桥和木板路,还有少数民族舞蹈和民族服装。时至今天,虽然这条古道的踪迹都消失了,但它的文化和历史价值仍然存在。

参考译文:

Along the Tea-horse Ancient Road lived more than 20 minori?ties. Concentrations of beautiful and mysterious natural landscapes and traditional cultures developed in various sites,including Dali old city, Lijiang old city, Shangrila, Yarlung Zangbo River Grand Canyon, Potala Palace. The road features temples, rock paintings, post houses, ancient bridges and plank roads. It is also home to many national minorities and their dances and folk customs. Today, although the traces of the ancient road are fading away, its cultural and historic values remain.

英语四级翻译:国画

国画是中国文化遗产的重要组成部分。不同于西方画,它是用毛笔(Chinese brush)和墨汁在宣纸(xuan paper)上作画的。精通这门艺术需要不断重复的练习,需要控制好毛笔,需要对宣纸和墨汁有一定的认识。绘画前,画家必须在脑海里有一个草图并根据他的想象力和经验进行绘画。许多中国画家既是诗人,又是书法家。他们经常会在自己的画上亲手添加诗作。

参考翻译:

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