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第九讲:大学英语四级翻译第一讲

一、大学英语四级翻译的组成部分:

四级翻译主要包括两部分,一是意群的表达,二是句法,要求理解正确,译文达意。一般翻译的考察点主要在于词组、被动语态、特殊句型、从句等的翻译。这部分能否达标的关键在于考生的词汇量及语法知识等的掌握是否牢固。

做好翻译的注意事项:

1. 翻译要忠实于原文

2. 翻译不要太拘泥。好的翻译是形式与内容的统一

3. 能够直译尽量不要意译

4. 翻译的过程应是先理解再表达

二、大学英语四级考试翻译技巧

在翻译的考试中,内容每年千变万化,但句式永远是那么几个套路,包括定语从句、状语从句、名词性从句、倒装、虚拟、否定、强调、比较结构。而内容要准备什么,那就是单词的问题。这些词汇与阅读中的核心词汇是相通的,因此翻译和阅读应该放在一起来复习,共同解决长难句和词汇问题。

例如:

1. Having spent some time in the city, he had no trouble finding the way to the history museum (找到去历史博物馆的路).

Have no trouble + (in) doing sth.

2.(为了挣钱供我上学),mother often takes on more work than is good for her.)

3.The professor required that we should hand in our research reports (我们递交研究报告)。

4.The more you explain, (我愈糊涂).

5.Though a skilled worker, 但他被公司解雇了).

大学英语四级考试翻译练习一

1. ________________________ (还要经过一段时间)before he would see his father again.

2. They could hardly keep themselves alive, ____________________ (更别提照顾老婆孩子).

3. I tend to feel that the fact ______________________ (和你以前告诉我的不一致).

4. My father seemed to __________________ (没心情看我的学校成绩报告单).

5. Putting in a new window will _____________________ (拆除部分屋顶).

大学英语四级考试翻译练习二

1. She __________________ (感到内疚) about not telling the police what had actually happened.

2. Many a time _____________(警告过那孩子不要玩火) but he turns a deaf ear to the warnings.

3. In manufacturing industries some types of plastics have become _____________(取代了金属).

4. Without a sure supply of water, farming in that area remains _________________ (靠天吃饭).

5. It was because she was inexperienced ____________________(她不知道如何应对这种形式).

大学英语四级考试翻译练习三

1. It is easy to see that the people of different cultures ___________________ (总是相互借鉴的).

2. Tom kept quiet about the accident _____________________ (为了不丢掉他的工作).

3. The government that refuses to meet the needs of its people ______________ (必定自食其果).

4.______________________ (从太空看),the earth looks like a huge water covered globe.

5. Industrial communities should be close enough to crowded centers ______________ (但也要足

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