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英语语言学重点 Key to Exercises for Lecture 2

Key to Exercises for Lecture 2 Phonology

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1. that occur in the world’s languages.

2. 3. phonetics is a study of sounds from the speaker’s point of view, i.e., how a

speaker uses his speech organs to articulate the sounds.

4. phonetics is a study of sounds from the hearer’s point of view, i.e., how the sounds

are perceived by the hearer.

5. phonetics is a study of how sounds travel by looking at the sound waves, the

physical means by which sounds are transmitted through the air from one person to another.

6. the description of the physical properties of the stream of human sounds.

7. The man’s articulatory apparatus 8. The ‘pharyngeal’9. By ‘oral cavity’10. mple term for ‘the nasal cavity’?

11. The word ‘language’ derive from the Latin word ‘l’.

12. The original meaning of ‘language’ is the ‘t

13. ‘Voicing’ is the vEnglish.

14. ‘ is a feature of sounds without vibration, or when the vocal cords are drawn wide

apart, letting air go though without causing vibration.

15. 16. The sounds [t] and [d] are pronounced when is created between the of the 17. The sounds [θ] and [ð] are produced when pobstruction is created between the upper 18. and the lower tip.

19. The sounds ] and pronounced are produced when partial obstruction is created

between the lips.

20. ].

21. The International Phonetic Alphabet came into being towards the end of the century.

22. The basic principle of IPA is to use one letter selected from major languages to

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